Realization of Human Rights Guarantees in Civil Proceedings in Russia

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Doctor of Law, Deputy Head of the Department of Judicial Authority, Law-Enforcement and Human Rights Activity of the RUDN University


Civil legal proceedings are conducted according to the federal laws existing during consideration and permission of a civil case (making of separate legal proceedings or execution of court decrees). In case of lack of the regulation of a procedural law governing the relations which arose during civil legal proceedings, federal courts of the general jurisdiction and magistrate's courts apply the regulation governing the similar relations (analogy of the law). In the absence of such regulation of the judge work proceeding from the general principles of implementation of justice in the Russian Federation (analogy is right). Dispositions of general constitutional guarantees (which don't belong directly to judicial system, however their sense can quite be applied to judicial process of consideration of civil cases) contain in the following articles of the Constitution of Russia: 17, 19, 29 and 45. Judicial activities are characterized by the major indicators: quality and efficiency (observance of procedural terms). According to the conventional principles and rules of international law to be an offender without unjustifiable delay constitutes one of the fundamental human rights inseparably linked with the right to fair legal proceeding. In a sense of the constitutional regulation, first, everyone has the right, but isn't obliged to protect the rights, secondly, to protect by all methods which aren't forbidden by the law. It is thought, the last purchases the force and the importance not as ascertaining (or transfer) these methods in the law and as availability of real mechanisms of their use by the individual and availability of use.


civil legal proceedings, legal procedure, procedural rule, guarantee, human rights, procedural law, magistrate's court, civil case.

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